Friday, March 4, 2022

The Dead Sea Scrolls

THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS (Jewish, 3rd century BCE to 1st century CE)

Around the time of Jesus, and not far from the Dead Sea, a Jewish sect, probably the Essenes, established a community of men dedicated to voluntary poverty, daily "baptism," and asceticism. Fast-forward to 1946/47 when a Bedouin shepherd tossed a rock into a cave and hear something go "CLINK!" He had broken a jar, that turned out to contain two-thousand-year-old manuscripts that, once they came to the attention of scholars, changed our understanding of the Bible forever. About 40% are texts from the Hebrew Scriptures; 30% from extra-Biblical texts like Enoch, Jubilees, Tobit, etc.; 30% are sectarian texts (rules, rituals, etc.). Research into the content and significance of the scrolls continues.

  • 981 different manuscripts have been discovered in 11 caves.


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